In the face of an emergency, whether it is weather-related, a house fire or something worse, the best way to keep control is to get organized. We spoke with Dr. Daniel Fagbuyi about preparing your family for an emergency.

How to make a first aid kit

The first step of preparedness is having a first aid kit that is ready for anything. This should at least include:

  • Band-Aids
  • Gauze
  • Rubbing alcohol
  • Antibiotic ointment
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • EpiPen (for children with allergies)
  • Hydrocortisone cream or ointment for bites or stings
  • Benadryl (follow dosing instructions)

Your first aid kit may also contain more items depending on the needs of your family.

Develop an emergency plan

Next, Dr. Fagbuyi recommends that every family develop a plan they follow during every emergency situation:

  • Agree on a safe place for the family to congregate outside of the home
  • Give everyone a role
    • Johnny grabs the flashlights, Susie is always in charge of getting the radio, etc.
  • Create an evacuation kit that includes:
    • Credit cards
    • Cash
    • Insurance papers
    • Personal identification
    • A list of emergency numbers
    • An extra set of car keys
    • An extra pair of glasses
    • Special items for infants, like diapers, formula, etc.
    • A seven-day supply of non-perishable food
    • Three gallons of water per person
    • An extra set of medications

Dr. Fagbuyi recommends updating your kit every six months when you change the batteries in your smoke detectors, to keep all medications and food up to date.  Families should also be aware when weather emergencies are coming. Pay attention to local news and weather reports to prepare for weather-related emergencies.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Daniel Fagbuyi, MD, FAAP was an emergency medicine pediatrician at Children’s National.

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Posts from Daniel Fagbuyi, MD, FAAP

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